This is part of the ‘Health Academy Short Course’ series and provides clinicians with specific information related to the Repevax & Boostrix-IPV vaccines.
This course is suitable for all Registered Healthcare Professionals, including Nurses, Pharmacists and GPs that administer this vaccine in practice.
This ‘Short Course’ will take approximately 15 minutes to complete.
The course will cover key details of the vaccines and the diseases that it protects against.
Boostrix-IPV & Repevax are vaccines used as a booster dose in children from 3 years onwards, teenagers and
adults to prevent four diseases: diphtheria, tetanus (lockjaw), pertussis (whooping cough) and
poliomyelitis (polio). The vaccine works by causing the body to produce its own protection
(antibodies) against these diseases.
- Diphtheria: Diphtheria mainly affects the airways and sometimes the skin. Generally the
airways become inflamed (swollen) causing severe breathing difficulties and sometimes
suffocation. The bacteria also release a toxin (poison), which can cause nerve damage, heart
problems, and even death.
- Tetanus (Lockjaw): Tetanus bacteria enter the body through cuts, scratches or wounds in the
skin. Wounds that are especially prone to infection are burns, fractures, deep wounds or wounds
contaminated with soil, dust, horse manure/dung or wood splinters. The bacteria release a toxin
(poison), which can cause muscle stiffness, painful muscle spasms, fits and even death. The
muscle spasms can be strong enough to cause bone fractures of the spine.
- Pertussis (Whooping cough): Pertussis is a highly infectious illness. The disease affects the
airways causing severe spells of coughing that may interfere with normal breathing. The
coughing is often accompanied by a “whooping” sound, hence the common name “whooping
cough”. The cough may last for 1-2 months or longer. Pertussis can also cause ear infections,
bronchitis which may last a long time, pneumonia, fits, brain damage and even death.
- Poliomyelitis (Polio): Poliomyelitis, sometimes called simply “polio” is a viral infection that
can have variable effects. Often it causes only a mild illness but in some people it causes
permanent damage or even death. In its severest form, polio infection causes paralysis of the
muscles (muscles cannot move), including those muscles needed for breathing and walking. The
limbs affected by the disease may be painfully deformed.